John Ernst Steinbeck Jr. (February 27, 1902 – December 20, 1968) was an American author. He was also the 1962 Nobel Prize in Literature winner “for his realistic and imaginative writings. Combining sympathetic humour and keen social perception.”
During his writing career, he authored 33 books. With one book coauthored alongside Edward Ricketts, including 16 novels, six non fiction books, and two collections of short stories. He is widely known for the comic novels Tortilla Flat (1935) and Cannery Row (1945).
The multi generation epic East of Eden (1952), and the novellas The Red Pony (1933) and Of Mice and Men (1937). The Grapes of Wrath (1939, The Pulitzer Prize winner) is Steinbeck’s masterpiece and part of the American literary canon. This book sold 14 million copies in the first 75 years after publication.